Salaried employees in India are denied benefits such as paid leaves, social security and written job contracts, according to the latest Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
The survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), revealed that among regular wage earners, 54.2 per cent were not eligible for paid leave during during 2017-18. While 53.1 per cent males were not eligible for paid leave in the urban areas, the figure was higher in rural areas (58.1 per cent).
Similarly, 51.8 per cent females were not eligible for paid leave in urban areas, in rural areas the number was 47.9 per cent. Within both, the urban and rural areas, there has been an increase of four to six per cent in the ineligibility of paid leaves since 2011-2012.
Further, 49.6 per cent were found ineligible for any social security benefit, with women being more marginalised (51.8 per cent) than men (49 per cent).
However, female employees in the rural (55.1 per cent) had slightly better social security benefits than their counterparts in urban areas (50.1 per cent). For men, the difference was less with 51.9 per cent in rural areas having social security benefits compared to 47 per cent in the urban areas.
Moreover, the survey revealed that during 2017-18, a whopping 71.1 per cent employees received no written job contract. The numbers were higher in both rural and urban areas.
The Ministry constituted the PLFS under the chairmanship of Amitabh Kundu. The data was collected by NSSO from July 2017 to June 2018. The survey was spread over 12,773 first-stage sampling units (7,014 villages and 5,759 urban blocks) covering 1,02,113 households (56,108 in rural areas and 46,005 in urban areas) and enumerating 4,33,339 persons (2,46,809 in rural areas and 1,86,530 in urban areas)